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Monday, March 9, 2009

LESSON 01 P1 --- Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW)


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Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW) The Greatest Reformer
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A reformer is the one who brings about reforms in a society. Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW) was not only a preacher of religion but also the greatest reformer of the world. Without him, the world would not have been improved. He (SAWW) was sent to reform the whole of the mankind. When he started preaching God’s message, the idol worshippers of Arabia became civilized people.
.Before the advent of Islam, there were very few people who could read or write. He advised the Muslims to get themselves educated and increase their knowledge. He made education compulsory not only for men but also for women. They set themselves to acquire knowledge as a religious obligation. He took steps to promote literacy and love of learning. In the battle of Badr, the Muslims caught some enemies as prisoners of war. Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW) asked the educated non Muslim prisoners to teach the children of the Muslims to read and write. On this condition they would get freedom. It shows his love for education and learning.
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Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW) disliked arrogance and pride. He said that an Arab was nor superior to a non-Arab or a white to a black. He believed that all were the sons of Adam. No one was superior to another on the basis of caste, colour or creed. For him, the standard of superiority was piety. He united the scattered tribes and nation who felt pride in serving the humanity. Brotherhood became the way of their life.
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It was due to his teachings that the slaves also attained equal rights. They flourished in every walk of life without any discrimination. A cousin of Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW), whose name was Hazrat Zainab (RA) was married to a freed slave Zaid bin Harris (RA). Hazrat Salman Farsi (RA) was a slave and Hazrat Imam Hussain Basri (RA) was the son of a slave. Both of them were men of dignity.

Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW) was against the earning of money without efforts. He was against the exploitation of the poor by the rich. Therefore, he took radical steps to eradicate usury. He was also strictly against bribery. Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar (R.A.) said that he was not allowed to boast of his wealth and status. It was because these things might create the symptoms of pride and arrogance.
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Before the advent of Islam, women were created in a very inhumane manner. Most of the girls were burnt or buried alive in their childhood. Islam emphasized the equality of rights of men and women. Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW) gave women the right of inheritance in property and wealth.
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Before Islam, the Arabs used force to settle their disputes. Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW) introduced judicial procedure t o check cruelty and injustice. Judges were appointed to settle the individual or party manners. In short, laws were made for the promotion of an ideal family and social set up. For the first time in history, the savage Arabs were introduced to the rules of politeness and civilized manners.
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It were these reforms, which brought an Islamic revolution in the life of the Arabs. These reforms laid the foundation of a new nation and a new Islamic society, which was tolerance spirit and humane by heart.
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EXERCISES

Q:1 Answer these questions.
i) Who is a reformer?
Ans: A reformer is one who brings about reforms in a society.
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ii) What was the result of Hazrat Muhammad's (SAWW) teachings on the people of Arabia?
Ans: The teaching of Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW) turned the idol worshippers of Arabia into a civilized nation.
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iii) What condition was imposed on the prisoners of the battle of Badr?
Ans: They were asked to teach the children of Muslims to read and write to get freedom.
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iv) What was the condition of women before the advent of Islam?
Ans: Before the arrival of Islam, women were treated in a very inhuman manner. Most of the girls were burnt or buried alive in their childhood.
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v) What was the system introduced by Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW) to check injustice;?
Ans: Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW) introduced judicial procedure to check cruelty and injustice. Judges were appointed to settle individual or party matters.
.Q:2 Fill in the blanks.
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Note:- Dear students CORRECT ANSWERS are always in BOLD letters
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i) Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW) was the greatest reformer of the world.
ii) He (SAWW) reformed the people of Arabia.
iii) He (SAWW) advised the Muslims to get themselves educated and increase their knowledge.
iv) He (SAWW) made education compulsory not only for men but also for women.
v) In the battle of Badr the Muslims caught some enemies as prisoners of war.
vi) Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW) disliked arrogance and pride.
vii) An Arab was not superior to a non-Arab or a white to a black.
viii) He believed that all were the sons of Adam (AS).
ix) Hazrat Zainab (RA) was married to a slave named Zaid bin Harris.
x) Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW) gave women the right of inheritance property and wealth.
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Q:3 Tick the correct answer.
Note:- Dear students CORRECT ANSWERS are always in BOLD letters.
Note:-
Dear students CORRECT ANSWERS are always in BOLD letters
i) Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW) was the greatest reformer of
(a) a city (b) a country (c) the world
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ii) Before the event of Islam, the people of Arab used to worship
(A) sun (B) Moon (C) Idols
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iii) Who was married to Hazrat Zainab (RA)?
a) Hazrat Bilal (RA) b) Hazrat Zaid bin Harris (RA) c) Hazrat Imam Hassan Basri (RA)
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iv) What was the system introduced by Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW) to check injustice?
a) Executive system b) Economical system c) Judicial procedure
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v) The prisoners of the battle of Badr were asked to
a) do business (b) construct buildings (c) teach the children of the Muslims
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Q:4 Write "T" for true statement and "F" for false statement.
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(a) Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW) started preaching God's message to the people of China. (F)
(b) Hazrat Abdullah (RA) was allowed to show off his wealth.(F)
© Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW) gave women the right of inheritance in property and wealth.(T)
(d) Before the advent of Islam, women were treated inhumanely in Arabia.(T)
(e) The reforms of Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW) laid the foundation of a new Islamic society.(T)
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Q:5 Match with the correct part to make a sentence.
Dear students same colour and number matches the correct ANSWER
.A reformer is the one who (1)the Arabs became civilized people. (3)Without the Holy Prophet (PBUH) (2)
could read or write. (4)
When the The Holy Prophet (PBUH) started preaching Islam (3)
compulsory. (5)Before Islam very few people (4)to acquire knowledge as a religious obligation. (6)He made education (5)disliked arrogance and pride. (7)The Muslim men and women set (6)Zaid bin Harris. (8)Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW) (7)
the world would not have been improved.(2)Hazrat Zainab (RA) was married to (8)
brings about reforms.(1)
Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW) elevated (9)settle the individual or the party matters.(10)
Judges were appointed to (10)
the status of women. (9)
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4 comments:

Anonymous said...

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Anonymous said...

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Anonymous said...

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Anonymous said...

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May Allah Bless You
Saif

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