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Monday, March 9, 2009

LESSON 06 P1 --- Chinese Wisdom


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THE CHINESE WISDOM
Back in the third century A.D. the Chinese king sent his son Prince Tai to a temple to get education from the great master Pan Ku. Prince Tai was to succeed his father as king. Pan Ku was to teach the boy the basics of a good ruler. When the Prince arrived at the temple the master sent him alone to the Ming-Li Forest with the advice to meditate and discover the various sounds in the forest. After one year the Prince was to return to the temple to submit his findings of the sounds before the great master.
When Prince Tai returned, Pan Ku, the great master at the temple asked the boy to describe all that he had seen or had heard during his stay in the forest.
"Respected Master," said the Prince, "I could hear the cuckoos' song, the leaves' rustle, the humming birds' hum, the crickets' chirp, the grass' blow, the bees' buzz and the winds, whisper". When the Prince had narrated all that he had experienced the master ordered him to go back to the forest again. He told him to stay for another one year to listen to what more he could hear. The Prince was puzzled by the master's new order. "Had he not discerned every sound and explained everything to the master already?" Thought the Prince to himself.
He went back to the forest again for one more year with the advice to meditate and discern the various sounds in the forest.
For days and nights, the young prince sat alone in the forest listening to the sounds more attentively. But e heard no sounds other than those he had already heard. Then, one morning, as the prince silently beneath the trees, he started to discern faint sounds unlike those he had ever heard before. The more closely he listened, the more audible and clearer the sounds became. The feeling of enlightenment enveloped the boy. "These must be the sounds the master wished me to discern!" He reflected.

When Prince Tai returned to the temple, the master asked him what more he had heard. "Respected Master," responded the prince reverently, "when I listened most closely, I could hear the unheard sound of flowers opening, the sounds of the sun warming the earth and the sound of the grass with the morning dew."
The master nodded approvingly:
"To hear the unheard," remarked Pan Ku, is a necessary discipline to be a good ruler. For, when a ruler has learned to listen closely to the people's heart, hearing their feelings un-communicated, pains unexpressed and complaints not spoken of, only then he can hope to inspire confidence in his people. He can understand when something is wrong, and meet the true needs of the citizens.
The demise of states comes when leaders listen only to superficial words and do not go deeply into the souls of the people to hear their true opinions, feelings and desires.

EXERCISES
Q:1 Answer these questions.
i) Why and where did the king send his son?
Ans: The king sent his son Prince Tai to the temple to study under the great master Pan Ku.
i) Where did the master send the prince?
Ans: The master sent him alone to the Ming-Li forest.
ii) After how long was the prince to return to the temple and what was he to describe?
Ans: After one year the prince was to return to the temple to describe the sound of the forest.
iii) What did the prince describe to the master when he returned from the forest after a year?
Ans:
iv) What did the great master order the prince to do after he had finished
Ans: The prince said, "Master, I heard the cuckoos sing, the leaves rustle, the humming birds hum, the crickets chirp, the grass blow, the bees buzz and wind whisper."
v) Had the prince already discerned every sound?
Ans: No, the prince had not discerned every sound already.
vi) What happened when the prince went back to the forest?
Ans: One morning, as the prince sat silently beneath the trees, he started to discern faint sounds unlike those he had ever heard before.
vii) What were the remarks of the master when the prince had explained him all about his new experience in the forest?
Ans: The master said, "To hear the unheard, is a necessary discipline to be a good ruler."
ix) What are the characteristics of a good ruler?
Ans: A good ruler has deep insight. He can understand the real problems, worries and hardships of people. He can meet the true needs of the people.
"The demise of states comes when leaders listen only to superficial words and do not penetrate or go deeply into the souls of the people"
Means:
The leaders of a state like to hear the people praising them. All the time they love to hear good things said about them. People use artificial and superficial words to praise them. As years pass by, leaders become used to this kind of attitude. They do not look deep into the souls of others and cannot understand their feelings. They do not like to hear any thing said against themselves even if it is true. States ruled by such people do not flourish well. They do not make progress and come to a downfall. We must speak true of others when they are wrong, so that they may correct themselves.

2 comments:

Anonymous said...

this is sooo helpfull realy and espessialy for those who had lost there books or they dont have them i really epritiate this :)

Anonymous said...

thnx for such a gr8 help........

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